Articulating their interests, strengths and needs

Offer tools to help learners identify their own interests, strengths, needs and preferences (e.g., interest inventories, checklists, reflection exercises)

Provide learners with a systematic method (i.e., a learner profile) for documenting learning needs and preferences

Encourage and model methods for reflecting on their needs as learners

Encourage learners to think about and articulate how they are learning