Engaging in productive struggle

Provide feedback that is objective and non-judgmental to reinforce a learner’s sense of control for improving his/her mastery
Example: A teacher eliminates all language from his feedback that denotes fixed conditions such as “you’re smart” or “you’re talented.”

Encourage learners to experiment and try multiple strategies to solve problems
Example: A teacher gives an assignment where learners are assessed not only on successfully solving a problem, but by how many ways they can think of to solve the problem.

Create rigorous learning experiences that involve multiple points of “failure” and require perseverance by learners
Example: A teacher has a board in her room where learners publicly share examples of times they have “failed” and what they learned from the experience.

Encourage learners to reflect and report on effort and strategies as often as reporting on results
Example: A teacher ends every class by having learners publicly share examples of peers putting forth great effort or using successful strategies.

Provide flexible time to allow learners to struggle/work on a problem or project for an extended period of time
Example: A teacher implements a “workshop” block of time each day for learners to work on a range of projects and tasks at their own pace, but with set deadlines to maintain rigorous expectations. It allows learners to spend more time on challenging content and accelerate through easier content based on their skills.